Who is Carlos the Jackal?

Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, aka Carlos the Jackal. He claims that his profession is "revolutionism". Carlos the Jackal took an active role in four separate attacks in France in the early 1980s and is held responsible for the death of 11 people and the injury of 200 people.

By Stephen McWright Published on 9 Temmuz 2024 : 16:46.
Who is Carlos the Jackal?

One of the Paris protests organized by Çakal was held in front of the El Watan Al Arabi newspaper building on Marbeuf street in 1982. One person died and 63 people were injured in the attack with a bomb-laden vehicle.

A month ago, a bomb placed on the Paris-Toulouse train killed 5 people and injured 77 people.

December 31, 1983: This time, France was shaken by a double attack: one on the Marseille-Paris high-speed train and the other at Marseille's Saint Charles train station. 5 people died and 50 people were injured in the attacks.

Carlos never admitted these accusations, but he also did not deny them.

Ilich Ramírez Sánchez (born 12 October 1949), also known as Carlos the Jackal (Spanish: Carlos el Chacal) or simply Carlos, is a Venezuelan who conducted a series of assassinations and terrorist bombings from 1973 to 1985.

Carlos, also known as the Jackal, is known as the Bin Laden of his time.

Jackal's biographer, John Follain, said: “He represents the old age of international terrorism. The period of free Palestine and of course Marxism, when the real struggle, the so-called people's war, was Palestine. "Terrorism has developed so much that it resembles an old voice, an outdated melody in the desert around the world," he said.

Born in Caracas in 1949, Ilich Ramirez Sanchez took the name Carlos when he joined the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine in 1970.

Orly attack

The year was 1975. Two separate rocket attacks were carried out on Orly airport near Paris on January 12 and 19. The aim was to shoot down the planes of the Israeli aviation company EL AI. Both attacks failed.

Carlos was again behind the incident.

What made him an icon in the eyes of far-left activists and Arab revolutionaries was the protest against the OPEP building in Vienna on December 21, 1975. Carlos and his 5 collaborators took 66 people hostage, including 11 oil ministers.

After days of negotiations, 50 hostages were released on December 29. The commando who organized the incident fled to Algeria, where he released the ministers and requested political asylum. 3 people died in the operation.

Sentenced to 3 life sentences

The year is 1997. Carlos has to answer to France. Carlos, who was stopped by French police in Sudan in August 1994, was sentenced to life imprisonment for killing two police officers and an informant in 1975.


Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, nicknamed Carlos the Jackal and named Salim Muhammed after converting to Islam, was born on March 25, 1949, in the Caracas hospital in Venezuela, as the child of a Marxist family. He went to England with his mother and siblings in 1966 and studied at university in London.

Carlos, who was involved in Marxist youth organizations for a long time, started to fight against the occupying Israel in 1975 after undergoing rigorous training in the camps of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. Carlos, who carried his fight against Israel to the big cities of the West in the following years, bombed many banks, associations, newspapers, and embassies that had relations with Israel.

Carlos, who was declared the world's most wanted man in 1980; managed to evade the CIA, Mossad, Interpol, and French intelligence many times.

Ilich Ramirez Sanchez (Carlos the Jackal) became a legend over time, especially with his success in not being caught, his intelligence, and his courage. Dozens of books have been written about him and movies about his life have been shot.

Carlos, who once believed in Marxism but later converted to Islam in 1975, took the name Salim Muhammed Nuri and is still imprisoned in France.